Chornobyl is a partially abandoned city in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, situated in the Ivankiv Raion of northern Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine.
Chornobyl is about 90 kilometres (60 mi) north of Kyiv, and 160 kilometres (100 mi) southwest of the Belarusian city of Gomel.
Before its evacuation, the city had about 14,000 residents, while around 1,000 people live in the city today.
First mentioned as a ducal hunting lodge in 1193, the city has changed hands multiple times over the course of history.
Jews were introduced to the city in the 16th century, and a now-defunct monastery was established near the city in 1626.
By the end of the 18th century, Chornobyl was a major centre of Hasidic Judaism under the Twersky Dynasty, who left Chernobyl after the city was subject to pogroms in the early 20th century.
The Jewish community was later destroyed during the Holocaust.
Chernobyl was chosen as the site of Ukraine’s first nuclear power plant in 1972, located 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of the city, which opened in 1977.